Employee Who Officiated Senior Premier League Matches While Being on “Certified Sick Leave” Loses Unfair Dismissal Claim

Last updated: November 2nd, 2023

A General Operative -v- An Air Filtration Company

Background of the Case

The complainant, who was employed for 17 years by the multinational company, took a claim to the Workplace Relations Commission under the Unfair Dismissal Act 1997.

The complainant had been on certified sick leave for six weeks when the respondent found out he had been making himself available as a linesman for the FAI (Football Association of Ireland) for Senior Premier League matches. The complainant was a linesman for at least three matches during his sick leave and one involved him travelling to Northern Ireland. During his sick, leave he was in receipt of sick pay from the respondent.

The respondent brought the complainant through a disciplinary process and dismissed the complainant due to a fundamental breach of trust.

The following was the allegation outlined in the disciplinary invite letter:

“That on at least three occasions during your reported absence on sick leave you publicly demonstrated a level of physical fitness which directly conflicts with the basis on which you reported yourself unfit to attend work, and accordingly absented yourself from work, and claimed related payment under the Company’s sick pay scheme”

Summary of Complainant’s Case

The complainant, who submitted sick certificates stating he was “chronically ill”, claimed that the respondent failed to take into account his mitigating circumstances regarding his need to take time away from the workplace.

During the disciplinary hearing, it emerged that the complainant wasn’t actually sick but instead needed “to take the time off to be with his wife and daughter who were both dealing with severe depression.”

The complainant stated that these were “intimate domestic details” that he did not want to disclose to the respondent, particularly as he did not trust that this information would be kept confidential.

Summary of Respondent’s Case

The respondent argued that the complainant’s actions amounted to a misrepresentation such that it could no longer reasonably be expected to trust the Complainant.

The company had a sick pay policy that allows for up to 30 days’ sick pay for eligible employees within a year.

The respondent believed that the Complainant’s “ability to assist and referee at robust Senior matches was not consistent with the perception of being chronically ill which the Complainant had maintained and created with his Employer”.

Findings

The Adjudicator reviewed the respondent’s handbook in considering the case and noted the respondent had an unpaid compassionate leave policy in place.

The Adjudication Officer concluded that “Compassionate Leave is provided to assist Employees in exactly these types of situation. The Complainant provided no substantial reason for this fear that he could not trust his Employer to treat his private life with a sacred confidentiality.”

The Adjudicator issued a strong statement that tricking the employer into paying sick pay that he wasn’t entitled to warranted dismissal, stating; “Not every workplace provides for a Sick Leave payment scheme and it seems unfair to the Complainant’s colleagues that he has seen fit to abuse the Scheme in the manner that he has. Sick Pay is never intended to be provided because of difficult domestic circumstances – it is to provide Employees with comfort during a genuine period of illness. It was wrong of the Complainant to dupe his Employer in the way that he did.”

The Adjudicator noted that there were procedural flaws with the disciplinary process adapted by the respondent however, stated that did not render the dismissal unfair, stating; “The Complainant representative did point out a number of flaws in the procedures adopted. I accept the Complainant may have had difficulty sourcing the Company Handbook, there might have been inadequate notetaking and I accept that AG appears to have handled the investigation, Disciplinary and Decision making processes. However, I cannot find that any one (or any number) of the procedural flaws opened to me was sufficient to render this termination Unfair.

Learning Points

  1. An employer can investigate an employee who they suspect to be working elsewhere while on certified sick leave;
  2. The company’s internal policies and procedures should be reviewed;
  3. Employees should not take sick leave for time off to take care of family;
  4. Fair procedures should be followed when going through your disciplinary procedure.

If you have any questions regarding this case or employees on sick leave, please don’t hesitate to contact the advice line on 1890 253 369

Book a call with a consultant

Complete the form below and a consultant will call you as soon as possible.

Book a call with a consultant

Complete the form below and a consultant will call you as soon as possible.

Latest Resources

What happens when workplace romances go wrong

workplace romances gone wrong
First published: February 14th 2024 Last updated: February 14th 2024 Love makes the world go round, or so they say. But what effect does love […]

10 tips for handling an office romance

First published: February 12th 2020 Last updated: February 14th 2024 It’s estimated people spend a third of their life at work, so it’s no surprise […]

An employer’s defence to sexual harassment claims

Sexual harassment claims
First published: December 11th 2023 Last updated: December 11th 2023 While the vast majority of Christmas party celebrations pass off without any problems, there’s no […]

Olga Shevchenko

Director/Advocate, Immigration Advice Bureau

Olga Shevchenko specialises in immigration advocacy and consultancy, in particular, employment permit, visas, family reunification, citizenship, etc, for those seeking to visit, reside or invest in Ireland.

Olga provides extensive information, knowledge, and support to her clients, enabling access to positive solutions for people struggling to handle the immigration law.

Minister Neale Richmond

Minister of State, Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment

Neale Richmond TD was appointed as Minister of State at the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment with special responsibility for Employment Affairs and Retail Business and the Department of Social Protection in January 2023.

Much of his work at the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment is with businesses, workers, their representative bodies and the State Agencies to ensure that the economic recovery and growth extends to all parts of the country. He works closely with the SME sector, including retail, on building resilience and on the transition to the green and digital economies.

Mark Carpenter

Director of Regulatory & Corporate Affairs, Sky

Mark Carpenter is Director of Regulatory & Corporate Affairs at Sky Ireland. In this role he has responsibility for External and Internal Communications, Public Policy and Regulatory Affairs and the company’s ‘Bigger Picture’ (CSR) programme. He also works closely with Sky Group teams on a variety of matters, in particular our partnerships with domestic broadcasters.

Prior to working at Sky, Mark worked as a Policy Officer in Houses of the Oireachtas and as a Management Consultant at Accenture. He has a BA in History from Oxford University and a PhD in Political Science from Trinity College Dublin.

Nora Cashe

Litigation and Compliance Manager, Peninsula

Nóra studied Law in Griffith College Dublin and qualified as a Barrister in 2008, practising in the area of Criminal law. She is also member of the Irish Employment Law Association.

Nora has extensive experience representing clients at Employment Tribunal hearings, Conciliation / Mediation meetings before both the Workplace Relations Commission and the Labour Court. 

Nóra is a member of the Irish Employment Law Association and engages with the WRC Adjudication Service as part of their stakeholder engagement forum.

Deiric McCann

Managing Director, Genos International Europe

Deiric McCann leads Genos International Europe – The EU division of a world-leading provider of emotional intelligence solutions. 

With over two decades experience at the highest levels of management, Deiric supports clients to develop the resilience, emotional intelligence, psychological safety and engagements of their employees.

Rhiannon Coyne

Senior HR Consultant, Graphite HRM

Rhiannon Coyne is a Senior HR Consultant at Graphite HRM and will be providing an overview of best practice on how to deal with complaints of bullying and harassment in the workplace. 

With a number of recent updates to employment laws, Rhiannon will take a closer look at employment equality and how it is interlinked to Health & Safety and what employers can learn from recent case laws.

David Begg

Chairman, Workplace Relations Commission

David Begg was appointed Chairperson of the Workplace Relations Commission (WRC) in January 2021.

David is also a professor at Maynooth University Institute of Social Sciences. Mr Begg’s extensive history in the trade union movement included leading the ESB Officers Association and Irish Congress of Trade Unions, stepping away from the latter in 2001 to chair international aid agency Concern.

David Begg was also previously a director of the Central Bank of Ireland between 1995 and 2010.