Employer concern: Sexual harassment in the workplace

Sexual harassment in the workplace has been under the spotlight recently following some high-profile employees speaking out about their experiences.

The media coverage follows research that found Ireland has a high rate of claimed sexual harassment by global standards. Therefore, Irish employers need to be proactive in taking steps to prevent sexual harassment in the workplace by putting policies and procedures in place to deal with any issues that might arise.

Misunderstanding of what amounts to sexual harassment

Part of the problem is that many employees aren’t familiar with the behaviour that amounts to sexual harassment. It’s common for staff who have an allegation made against them to say they didn’t realise they were behaving inappropriately.

Therefore, it’s vital to have a clear policy in place setting out what constitutes, or defines, sexual harassment. It should also be clarified in the disciplinary policy that sexual harassment could lead to dismissal for gross misconduct. If following an investigation, an employee is found to have sexually harassed a colleague, the policy should make it clear that the employee may face the sanction of dismissal without notice or pay in lieu of notice depending on the severity of the offence.

Sexual harassment definition

Sexual harassment is any form of unwanted verbal, non-verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, which offends a person’s dignity and creates an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for the person. It’s the victim who decides what is unwanted behaviour irrespective of the views of his/her colleagues.

Some examples of sexual harassment include:

  • Non-verbal conduct: Suggestive looks, suggestive symbols, pictures, written communications, emails, or text messages.
  • Verbal conduct: Propositions, suggestive comments, jokes, innuendo or persistent invitations, suggestions to meet outside the workplace.
  • Inappropriate physical conduct: Groping, kissing, pinching, unnecessary touching up to sexual assaults.
  • Gender-based conduct: Conduct that ridicules or intimidates an employee because of his/her sex, including abuse or insults which are gender related.

Reputational damage

Sexual harassment poses a huge risk to all businesses. Not only will it need a lot of management to deal with the problem internally, it also has the potential to cause irreversible reputational damage.

Policies and training

In relation to the above information, it’s vital that you have appropriate sexual harassment policies and procedures in place. Likewise, employees with management responsibilities need training in how to carry out an appropriate investigation (if an external third party is not carrying out the investigation) into a sexual harassment complaint.

Management should also be aware of how to recognise sexual harassment signs in team members who may be reluctant to report an incident.

Need our help?

If you would like further complimentary advice on sexual harassment from an expert, our advisors are ready to take your call. Call us on 01 886 0350 or request a callback here.

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Nora Cashe


Nóra studied Law in Griffith College Dublin and qualified as a Barrister in 2008, practising in the area of Criminal law. She is also member of the Irish Employment Law Association.

Nora has extensive experience representing clients at Employment Tribunal hearings, Conciliation / Mediation meetings before both the Workplace Relations Commission and the Labour Court. 

Nóra is a member of the Irish Employment Law Association and engages with the WRC Adjudication Service as part of their stakeholder engagement forum.

Deiric McCann

Genos International Europe

Deiric McCann leads Genos International Europe – The EU division of a world-leading provider of emotional intelligence solutions. 

With over two decades experience at the highest levels of management, Deiric supports clients to develop the resilience, emotional intelligence, psychological safety and engagements of their employees.

Rhiannon Coyne

Graphite HRM

Rhiannon Coyne is a Senior HR Consultant at Graphite HRM and will be providing an overview of best practice on how to deal with complaints of bullying and harassment in the workplace. 

With a number of recent updates to employment laws, Rhiannon will take a closer look at employment equality and how it is interlinked to Health & Safety and what employers can learn from recent case laws.

David Begg

Workplace Relations Commission

David Begg was appointed Chairperson of the Workplace Relations Commission (WRC) in January 2021.

David is also a professor at Maynooth University Institute of Social Sciences. Mr Begg’s extensive history in the trade union movement included leading the ESB Officers Association and Irish Congress of Trade Unions, stepping away from the latter in 2001 to chair international aid agency Concern.

David Begg was also previously a director of the Central Bank of Ireland between 1995 and 2010.